Tout sur la géolocalisation et les médias géolocalisés, Nicolas Nova

Couv-Media-Geo
Les médias géolocalisés, le livre de référence sur la géolocalisation, les GPS et leurs enjeux

256 pages

Juin 2009

ISBN-13: 978-2916571201

Collection : Innovation

23,90 euros TTC

 

Dans toutes les conversations distantes, la question « t’es où ? » est devenue aussi importante que la raison de l’appel. Mais très vite, d’autres questions sont apparues : « où suis je exactement ? Qu’est ce qu’il y a à proximité ? Qui ? »
La localisation est devenue un enjeu majeur, à la fois technologique, économique, et même social et politique, au travers de ce qui s’appelle désormais les médias géolocalisés. Mais ceux-ci provoquent des attentes démesurées quant aux changements qu’ils peuvent réellement entraîner…

Et les acteurs de ce secteur nous promettent des nouveaux usages supposés améliorer notre quotidien de façon spectaculaire : en cas d’accident, les secours pourront immédiatement localiser un blessé ; le promeneur ou un automobiliste égaré retrouveront leur chemin ; un SMS indiquera la présence d’un ami dans le quartier où l’on passe sa soirée ; nous serons guidés vers les places de parking disponibles à proximité de notre prochain rendez-vous ; au cours d’une randonnée la nature se transformera en encyclopédie vivante et chaque ruine, chaque vestige, seront identifiés, leur histoire sera racontée via notre mobile qui nous permettra aussi visualiser en direct les déplacements de nos enfants et les escapades de nos animaux domestiques…
Depuis les années 2000, nous avons ainsi vu se succéder des annonces de services nous promettant de révolutionner notre rapport aux autres et à l’espace. Mais ces nouveaux usages sont le plus souvent retardés ou très limités par des problèmes tant techniques que sociaux.
Au-delà des discours formatés, l’auteur – reconnu internationalement pour ses recherches sur les usages de la technologie – répond sans détour, de façon claire, complète et abordable à toutes les questions et les problématiques que soulèvent les médias géolocalisés.
Il identifie, révèle et permet de comprendre les implications que ces technologies auront véritablement dans notre quotidien, en expliquant comment et pour qui. Il propose des pistes concrètes et réalistes pour des usages encore inexplorés.

Nicolas Nova est chercheur, consultant et prospectiviste pour Lift Lab, et mène des recherches sur l’ergonomie et les usages des technologies. Après une formation en sciences cognitives et en interaction homme-machine, il a réalisé une thèse à l’EPFL (École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne) sur le thème des médias et services géolocalisés. Nicolas Nova est également responsable éditorial de Lift, conférence internationale sur l’innovation et les changements technologiques

 


Wearable computing - Fri, 07 Aug 2015
tshirt tshirt2

The kind of wearable computing you find at the market in Geneva. It's been a while these sound-activated t-shirts exist and I find it fascinating to see them around in 2015. Future mundane at its best here.

On Cuban repair cultures - Tue, 04 Aug 2015

Here’s a list of services offered in an AC-intense mobile phone repair shop in Trinidad (Cuba): "desbloqueo decodificatión y liberación de celulares, código de usuario, cambio de idioma, cambio de frecuencia, reparación de software (flasheo), reparación de celulares Chinos, reparaciones generales de hardware (display, flex, táctiles, bocinas, micrófonos, régiment de carga), eliminación de humedad a móviles, instalación de aplicaciones, actualización de sistema Android, actualización de sistema IOS, configuración del coreo nauta, información et asesoria gratuitas."

A rather broad and interesting inventory. Some of the services can generally be fond in this type of shop ((I regularly visit these stores while traveling here and there )); unlocking the SIM card and change components (speaker, microphone ...) in particular. I also understood "eliminación of humedad has móviles" is not related to the climatic constraints of moisture as one might think, but rather to the fact that many people, there as elsewhere, seems to drop the phone in the water 📱💦. The other services are less common : assistance with phone configuration (language, messaging software, update OS) or app installation. The precision concerning the Chinese mobile phone repair is obviously intriguing too.

Basically, this type of store is not very different from those I have just a few meters from my home in Geneva. However, Cuba has many other shop/counters/garage/apartment????) offering repair services for all kinds of other artifacts : for automobiles of course (from 1951 Plymouth to the latest Audi), electro-mechanical watch/clock, garden and kitchen hardware, bikes, etc.

Plastic and metal parts sold on the street in Trinidad.

Plastic and metal parts sold on the street in Trinidad.

Electronic shop in Viñales.

Electronic shop in Viñales.

Given the difficulty to acquire property on the island, this is not hardly a surprise, but it reflects a important“repair culture". However, unlike many titles of articles or reference guide saying that a visit to Cuba is a “frozen in time", it is a lively present. With, one the one hand, a variety of technical objects both old and new, not necrotic at all. And, on the other hand, altered artifacts, with more or less recent parts. The best example being the bicitaxi (bicycle taxi) that are certainly rudimentary at first but whose sound consists bluetooth speakers hanging on the ceiling (cardboard, metal or wood) and controlled by a smartphone (iPhone or Android ). Similarly, American cars are certainly old, but the driver may well have a bluetooth headset for phone calls, and a USB key inserted into car stereos with tons of mp3s collected in in music stores delivering content more or less fresh downloaded from the Internet (and potentially via the Paquete Semanal). The government also contribue to this, as attested by the Soviet-like toll arches on Havana highways ... on which fixed cameras read the registration plates (according to our taxi driver) in a very contemporary robot world-readable fashion. This type of arrangement is also not limited only to hardware tinkering, it is found in fact in the service of such design… with Airbnb being available for in some casa particulares (guest capita ) with a payment made through an intermediary in an agency in Miami.

A repairman in Trinidad.

A repairman in Trinidad.

Another consequence of this culture of DIY also concerns the recycling of objects, materials and spare parts from multiple devices. Some examples encountered : along with the inevitable mention of 1950s US cars, I ran across a lawn mower made up of a screw motor metal rods and a small motorcycle tank, a leaf blower assembled with a vacuum cleaner motor mounted on a leather harness and a North American switch, a Lada VAZ-2101 engine placed in the hood of a 1957 Dodge, etc. This kind of bricolage is also described by the anthropologist Sarah Hill in a fascinating article titled "Recycling History and the Never-Ending Cuban Life of Things" ... who goes into more detail on what I describe here. Without idealizing these practices, it would be intriguing to compare this practices with other recycling and repair cultures including Gambiarra described Felipe Fonseca in Brazil.

Engine from a taxi car in Habana.

Engine from a taxi car in Habana.

Without offering the same conditions (political, social, technological and other) that the Western world, the island is far from being “frozen in the past” as I’ve seen written here and there. And one can also wonder wether this type of lively hybridization cannot be also considered as our future. It seems reasonable to think that a culture of recycling or DIY could become widespread in the Western world due to the scarcity multiple commodities / rare metals.

Some smartphone evolution diagrams - Sun, 28 Jun 2015

Two visualizations (among many others) from unknown authors.

smartphone-evol iphoneiphone

This two-pages document is from a magazine called EPOCA:

epoca

A simple series with some design parameters presented with icons from 3oneseven:

3oneseven

The next one is made by Bogdan Răuţă for usell.com:

BogdanRăuţă

Why do I blog this? I recently started a project about smartphone gestures, a sort of follow-up to Curious Rituals. These representations (which are not perfect of course) are relevant for that matter, as they show how different parameters evolved over time. 

Fortress of Solitude: exploring the near-future of "smart home" - Fri, 26 Jun 2015

"Fortress of Solitude" by Space Caviar (Simone Niquille), sound by M.E.S.H:

"is an essay film in three chapters investigating the technology used to make the home smarter. The internet and alternative network protocols are the backbone to home automation. Much of the technology infused into homes and our everyday lives have a history of defense funding or only exist because of military research. Is the smart home in fact a militarisation of the domestic, home.mil? Is our home becoming a data machine rather than architecture for living? Are our most privates spaces broadcasting our lives involuntarily instead of providing shelter?"

Why do I blog this? Both because the topic is important wrt to recent project (cloud computing project, as well as smart cities scouting reports), and because the format itself is intriguing. This is a great exemple of how design work materialize issues, situations and consequences of domestic technologies.

Probable Possible Preferable Futures - Tue, 16 Jun 2015
candy

Futures research, foresight and speculative design often use the notion of "possible", "potential", "plausible" and "preferable" future. See for instance the work by Stuart Candy who uses the diagram above based on the work of different researchers. This typology is described in more details in these two articles:

Hancock, T. & Bezold, C. (1994). Possible futures, preferable futures. Healthcare Forum Journal, vol. 37, no. 2, 23–29

Voros, J. (2001). A Primer on Futures Studies, Foresight and the Use of Scenarios, prospect, the Foresight Bulletin, No 6, Swinburne University of Technology

Why do I blog this? It seems that this graph spread like an internet meme, and it's relevant to get back to how it has been produced, why and how.

Les Médias Géolocalisés

Lift China 2015 - Shanghai & Shenzhen - Fri, 26 Jun 2015

With 260 participants, 18 speakers and 7 startups coming from fields as diverse as entrepreneurship, social and interactive design, academia, technological innovation and business, Lift China 2015…

Data Canvas: Sense Your City Exhibition in Geneva - Mon, 20 Apr 2015

Opening of international exhibitions in Geneva Since March 27, 2015, the 14 winning projects of the online data visualization competition Data Canvas: Sense Your City have been online for all to see…

Lift China Open Call for Workshops and Masterclasses - Tue, 31 Mar 2015

Ever dreamt of leading a workshop or masterclass at a Lift conference? Want to discover and engage with the Chinese innovation ecosystems as part of the Lift community? At Lift, we always keep a part…

The winning projects of Data Canvas: Sense Your City have been chosen! - Fri, 27 Mar 2015

After 10 weeks of competition, we have received 34 amazing submissions from 62 creators around the world. Our international jury rated each one of them based on various criteria such as Creativity in…

Lift sous la Coupole - 1st edition in Bern - Fri, 20 Mar 2015

On March 18, 2015, we hosted the first edition of “Lift sous la Coupole” in partnership with the parliamentary group Start-up and Le Réseau in Bern within the Federal Palace. This event…